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Simulation of muon radiography for monitoring CO2 stored in a geological reservoir.

Klinger, J.; Clark, S.J.; Coleman, M.; Gluyas, J.G.; Kudryavtsev, V.A.; Lincoln, D.L.; Pal, S.; Paling, S.M.; Spooner, N.J.C.; Telfer, S.; Thompson, L.F.; Woodward, D.


J. Klinger

S.J. Clark

M. Coleman

V.A. Kudryavtsev

D.L. Lincoln

S. Pal

S.M. Paling

N.J.C. Spooner

S. Telfer

L.F. Thompson

D. Woodward


Current methods of monitoring subsurface CO2, such as repeat seismic surveys, are episodic and require highly skilled personnel to acquire the data. Simulations based on simplified models have previously shown that muon radiography could be automated to continuously monitor CO2 injection and migration, in addition to reducing the overall cost of monitoring. In this paper, we present a simulation of the monitoring of CO2 plume evolution in a geological reservoir using muon radiography. The stratigraphy in the vicinity of a nominal test facility is modelled using geological data, and a numerical fluid flow model is used to describe the time evolution of the CO2 plume. A planar detection region with a surface area of 1000 m2 is considered, at a vertical depth of 776 m below the seabed. We find that 1 year of constant CO2 injection leads to changes in the column density of ≲1%, and that the CO2 plume is already resolvable with an exposure time of less than 50 days.


Klinger, J., Clark, S., Coleman, M., Gluyas, J., Kudryavtsev, V., Lincoln, D., …Woodward, D. (2015). Simulation of muon radiography for monitoring CO2 stored in a geological reservoir. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 42, 644-654.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 14, 2015
Online Publication Date Nov 3, 2015
Publication Date 2015-11
Deposit Date Nov 15, 2016
Journal International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control
Print ISSN 1750-5836
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 42
Pages 644-654