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A Comparison Between Bonobos and Chimpanzees: A Review and Update

Gruber, Thibaud; Clay, Zanna


Thibaud Gruber


Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and bonobos (P. paniscus) are our closest living relatives, with the human lineage diverging from the Pan lineage only around five to seven Mya, but possibly as early as eight Mya.1–2 Chimpanzees and bonobos even share genetic similarities with humans that they do not share with each other.2 Given their close genetic relationship to humans, both Pan species represent crucial living models for reconstructing our last common ancestor (LCA) and identifying uniquely human features. Comparing the similarities and differences of the two Pan is thus essential for constructing balanced models of human evolution.


Gruber, T., & Clay, Z. (2016). A Comparison Between Bonobos and Chimpanzees: A Review and Update. Evolutionary Anthropology, 25(5), 239-252.

Journal Article Type Article
Online Publication Date Oct 18, 2016
Publication Date Oct 18, 2016
Deposit Date Apr 19, 2017
Journal Evolutionary Anthropology
Print ISSN 1060-1538
Electronic ISSN 1520-6505
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 25
Issue 5
Pages 239-252