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Size matters: abundance matching, galaxy sizes, and the Tully-Fisher relation in EAGLE

Ferrero, I.; Navarro, J.F.; Abadi, M.G.; Sales, L.V.; Bower, R.G.; Crain, R.A.; Frenk, C.S.; Schaller, M.; Schaye, J.; Theuns, T.

Size matters: abundance matching, galaxy sizes, and the Tully-Fisher relation in EAGLE Thumbnail


I. Ferrero

J.F. Navarro

M.G. Abadi

L.V. Sales

R.G. Bower

R.A. Crain

M. Schaller

J. Schaye


The Tully–Fisher relation (TFR) links the stellar mass of a disc galaxy, Mstr, to its rotation speed: it is well approximated by a power law, shows little scatter, and evolves weakly with redshift. The relation has been interpreted as reflecting the mass–velocity scaling (M ∝ V3) of dark matter haloes, but this interpretation has been called into question by abundance-matching (AM) models, which predict the galaxy–halo mass relation to deviate substantially from a single power law and to evolve rapidly with redshift. We study the TFR of luminous spirals and its relation to AM using the EAGLE set of Λ cold dark matter (ΛCDM) cosmological simulations. Matching both relations requires disc sizes to satisfy constraints given by the concentration of haloes and their response to galaxy assembly. EAGLE galaxies approximately match these constraints and show a tight mass–velocity scaling that compares favourably with the observed TFR. The TFR is degenerate to changes in galaxy formation efficiency and the mass–size relation; simulations that fail to match the galaxy stellar mass function may fit the observed TFR if galaxies follow a different mass–size relation. The small scatter in the simulated TFR results because, at fixed halo mass, galaxy mass and rotation speed correlate strongly, scattering galaxies along the main relation. EAGLE galaxies evolve with lookback time following approximately the prescriptions of AM models and the observed mass–size relation of bright spirals, leading to a weak TFR evolution consistent with observation out to z = 1. ΛCDM models that match both the abundance and size of galaxies as a function of stellar mass have no difficulty reproducing the observed TFR and its evolution.


Ferrero, I., Navarro, J., Abadi, M., Sales, L., Bower, R., Crain, R., …Theuns, T. (2017). Size matters: abundance matching, galaxy sizes, and the Tully-Fisher relation in EAGLE. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 464(4), 4736-4746.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 17, 2016
Online Publication Date Oct 19, 2016
Publication Date Feb 1, 2017
Deposit Date Feb 27, 2017
Publicly Available Date Mar 2, 2017
Journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Print ISSN 0035-8711
Electronic ISSN 1365-2966
Publisher Royal Astronomical Society
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 464
Issue 4
Pages 4736-4746


Published Journal Article (5.3 Mb)

Copyright Statement
This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2016 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

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