Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Redox dynamics in the active layer of an Arctic headwater catchment; examining the potential for transfer of dissolved methane from soils to stream water

Street, L.E.; Dean, J.F.; Billet, M.F.; Baxter, R.; Dinsmore, K.J.; Lessels, J.S.; Subke, J.A.; Tetzlaff, D.; Wookey, P.A.

Redox dynamics in the active layer of an Arctic headwater catchment; examining the potential for transfer of dissolved methane from soils to stream water Thumbnail


Authors

L.E. Street

J.F. Dean

M.F. Billet

K.J. Dinsmore

J.S. Lessels

J.A. Subke

D. Tetzlaff

P.A. Wookey



Abstract

The linkages between methane production, transport, and release from terrestrial and aquatic systems are not well understood, complicating the task of predicting methane emissions. We present novel data examining the potential for the saturated zone of active layer soils to act as a source of dissolved methane to the aquatic system, via soil water discharge, within a headwater catchment of the continuous permafrost zone in Northern Canada. We monitored redox conditions and soil methane concentrations across a transect of soil profiles from midstream to hillslope and compare temporal patterns in methane concentrations in soils to those in the stream. We show that redox conditions in active layer soils become more negative as the thaw season progresses, providing conditions suitable for net methanogenesis and that redox conditions are sensitive to increased precipitation during a storm event—but only in shallower surface soil layers. While we demonstrate that methane concentrations at depth in the hillslope soils increase over the course of the growing season as reducing conditions develop, we find no evidence that this has an influence on stream water methane concentrations. Sediments directly beneath the stream bed, however, remain strongly reducing at depth throughout the thaw season and contain methane at concentrations 5 orders of magnitude greater than those in hillslope soils. The extent of substreambed methane sources, and the rates of methane transport from these zones, may therefore be important factors determining headwater stream methane concentrations under changing Arctic hydrologic regimes.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 7, 2016
Online Publication Date Nov 5, 2016
Publication Date Nov 5, 2016
Deposit Date Jan 30, 2017
Publicly Available Date May 5, 2017
Journal Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences
Print ISSN 2169-8953
Electronic ISSN 2169-8961
Publisher American Geophysical Union
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 121
Issue 11
Pages 2776-2792
DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/2016jg003387
Public URL https://durham-repository.worktribe.com/output/1366322

Files

Published Journal Article (3.6 Mb)
PDF

Copyright Statement
Street, L. E., J. F. Dean, M. F. Billett, R. Baxter, K. J. Dinsmore, J. S. Lessels, J.-A. Subke, D. Tetzlaff, and P. A. Wookey (2016), Redox dynamics in the active layer of an Arctic headwater catchment; examining the potential for transfer of dissolved methane from soils to stream water, Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 121(11), 2776–2792, doi: 10.1002/2016JG003387. To view the published open abstract, go to https://doi.org/ and enter the DOI.





You might also like



Downloadable Citations