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An ALMA Survey of the SCUBA-2 Cosmology Legacy Survey UKIDSS/UDS Field: Identifying Candidate z ∼ 4.5 [C II] Emitters

Cooke, E.A.; Smail, Ian; Swinbank, A.M.; Stach, S.M.; An, Fang Xia; Gullberg, B.; Almaini, O.; Simpson, C.J.; Wardlow, J.L.; Blain, A.W.; Chapman, S.C.; Chen, Chian-Chou; Conselice, C.J.; Coppin, K.E.K.; Farrah, D.; Maltby, D.T.; Michałowski, M.J.; Scott, D.; Simpson, J.M.; Thomson, A.P.; Werf, P. van der

An ALMA Survey of the SCUBA-2 Cosmology Legacy Survey UKIDSS/UDS Field: Identifying Candidate z ∼ 4.5 [C II] Emitters Thumbnail


Authors

E.A. Cooke

S.M. Stach

Fang Xia An

B. Gullberg

O. Almaini

C.J. Simpson

J.L. Wardlow

A.W. Blain

S.C. Chapman

Chian-Chou Chen

C.J. Conselice

K.E.K. Coppin

D. Farrah

D.T. Maltby

M.J. Michałowski

D. Scott

J.M. Simpson

A.P. Thomson

P. van der Werf



Abstract

We report the results of a search for serendipitous [C ii] 157.74 μm emitters at z sime 4.4–4.7 using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA). The search exploits the AS2UDS continuum survey, which covers ~50 arcmin2 of the sky toward 695 luminous (S 870 gsim 1 mJy) submillimeter galaxies (SMGs), selected from the SCUBA-2 Cosmology Legacy Survey 0.96 deg2 Ultra Deep Survey (UDS) field. We detect 10 candidate line emitters, with an expected false detection rate of 10%. All of these line emitters correspond to 870 μm continuum-detected sources in AS2UDS. The emission lines in two emitters appear to be high-J CO, but the remainder have multi-wavelength properties consistent with [C ii] from z sime 4.5 galaxies. Using our sample, we place a lower limit of $\gt 5\times {10}^{-6}\,{\mathrm{Mpc}}^{-3}$ on the space density of luminous (L IR sime 1013 ${L}_{\odot }$) SMGs at z = 4.40–4.66, suggesting $\geqslant 7$% of SMGs with ${S}_{870\mu {\rm{m}}}\gtrsim 1$ mJy lie at 4 < z < 5. From stacking the high-resolution (~0farcs15 full-width half maximum) ALMA 870 μm imaging, we show that the [C ii] line emission is more extended than the continuum dust emission, with an average effective radius for the [C ii] of ${r}_{{\rm{e}}}={1.7}_{-0.2}^{+0.1}$ kpc, compared to r e = 1.0 ± 0.1 kpc for the continuum (rest-frame 160 μm). By fitting the far-infrared photometry for these galaxies from 100 to 870 μm, we show that SMGs at z ~ 4.5 have a median dust temperature of T d = 55 ± 4 K. This is systematically warmer than 870 μm selected SMGs at z sime 2, which typically have temperatures around 35 K. These z sime 4.5 SMGs display a steeper trend in the luminosity-temperature plane than z ≤ 2 SMGs. We discuss the implications of this result in terms of the selection biases of high-redshift starbursts in far-infrared/submillimeter surveys.

Citation

Cooke, E., Smail, I., Swinbank, A., Stach, S., An, F. X., Gullberg, B., …Werf, P. V. D. (2018). An ALMA Survey of the SCUBA-2 Cosmology Legacy Survey UKIDSS/UDS Field: Identifying Candidate z ∼ 4.5 [C II] Emitters. Astrophysical Journal, 861(2), Article 100. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aac6ba

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 12, 2018
Online Publication Date Jul 10, 2018
Publication Date Jul 10, 2018
Deposit Date Jul 25, 2018
Publicly Available Date Jul 26, 2018
Journal Astrophysical Journal
Print ISSN 0004-637X
Publisher American Astronomical Society
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 861
Issue 2
Article Number 100
DOI https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aac6ba

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Copyright Statement
© 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.






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