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Rapid CO2 mineralisation into calcite at the CarbFix storage site quantified using calcium isotopes

Pogge von Strandmann, Philip A.E.; Burton, Kevin W.; Snæbjörnsdóttir, Sandra O.; Sigfússon, Bergur; Aradóttir, Edda S.; Gunnarsson, Ingvi; Alfredsson, Helgi A.; Mesfin, Kiflom G.; Oelkers, Eric H.; Gislason, Sigurður R.

Rapid CO2 mineralisation into calcite at the CarbFix storage site quantified using calcium isotopes Thumbnail


Philip A.E. Pogge von Strandmann

Sandra O. Snæbjörnsdóttir

Bergur Sigfússon

Edda S. Aradóttir

Ingvi Gunnarsson

Helgi A. Alfredsson

Kiflom G. Mesfin

Eric H. Oelkers

Sigurður R. Gislason


The engineered removal of atmospheric CO2 is now considered a key component of mitigating climate warming below 1.5 °C. Mineral carbonation is a potential negative emissions technique that, in the case of Iceland’s CarbFix experiment, precipitates dissolved CO2 as carbonate minerals in basaltic groundwater settings. Here we use calcium (Ca) isotopes in both pre- and post-CO2 injection waters to quantify the amount of carbonate precipitated, and hence CO2 stored. Ca isotope ratios rapidly increase with the pH and calcite saturation state, indicating calcite precipitation. Calculations suggest that up to 93% of dissolved Ca is removed into calcite during certain phases of injection. In total, our results suggest that 165 ± 8.3 t CO2 were precipitated into calcite, an overall carbon storage efficiency of 72 ± 5%. The success of this approach opens the potential for quantification of similar mineral carbonation efforts where drawdown rates cannot be estimated by other means.


Pogge von Strandmann, P. A., Burton, K. W., Snæbjörnsdóttir, S. O., Sigfússon, B., Aradóttir, E. S., Gunnarsson, I., …Gislason, S. R. (2019). Rapid CO2 mineralisation into calcite at the CarbFix storage site quantified using calcium isotopes. Nature Communications, 10(1), Article 1983.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 8, 2019
Online Publication Date Apr 30, 2019
Publication Date Apr 30, 2019
Deposit Date May 29, 2019
Publicly Available Date May 29, 2019
Journal Nature Communications
Publisher Nature Research
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 10
Issue 1
Article Number 1983


Published Journal Article (733 Kb)

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