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A high-redshift test of gravity using enhanced growth of small structures probed by the neutral hydrogen distribution

Leo, Matteo; Arnold, Christian; Li, Baojiu

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Authors

Matteo Leo

Christian Arnold



Abstract

Future 21-cm intensity mapping surveys such as SKA can provide precise information on the spatial distribution of the neutral hydrogen (HI) in the postreionization epoch. This information will allow us to test the standard Λ cold dark matter paradigm and with that the nature of gravity. In this work, we employ the SHYBONE simulations, which model galaxy formation in fðRÞ modified gravity using the IllustrisTNG model, to study the effects of modified gravity on HI abundance and power spectra. We find that the enhanced growth low-mass dark matter halos experience in fðRÞ gravity at high redshifts alters the HI power spectrum and can be observable through 21-cm intensity mapping. Our results suggest that the HI power spectrum is suppressed by ∼13% on scales k ≲ 2h Mpc−1 at z ¼ 2 for F6, a fðRÞ model which passes most observational constraints. We show that this suppression can be detectable by SKA1-MID with 1000 hours of exposure time, making HI clustering a novel test of gravity at high redshift.

Citation

Leo, M., Arnold, C., & Li, B. (2019). A high-redshift test of gravity using enhanced growth of small structures probed by the neutral hydrogen distribution. Physical Review D, 100(6), Article 064044. https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevd.100.064044

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Aug 29, 2019
Online Publication Date Sep 23, 2019
Publication Date Sep 15, 2019
Deposit Date Aug 29, 2019
Publicly Available Date Sep 24, 2019
Journal Physical Review D
Print ISSN 2470-0010
Electronic ISSN 2470-0029
Publisher American Physical Society
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 100
Issue 6
Article Number 064044
DOI https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevd.100.064044
Publisher URL https://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevD.100.064044
Related Public URLs https://arxiv.org/abs/1907.02981

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Copyright Statement
Reprinted with permission from the American Physical Society: Leo, Matteo, Arnold, Christian & Li, Baojiu (2019). A high-redshift test of gravity using enhanced growth of small structures probed by the neutral hydrogen distribution. Physical Review D 100: 064044. © 2019 by the American Physical Society. Readers may view, browse, and/or download material for temporary copying purposes only, provided these uses are for noncommercial personal purposes. Except as provided by law, this material may not be further reproduced, distributed, transmitted, modified, adapted, performed, displayed, published, or sold in whole or part, without prior written permission from the American Physical Society.







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