The porosity and permeability of coal change with pore pressure, due to changes in effective stress and matrix swelling due to gas adsorption. Three analytical models to describe porosity and permeability change in this context have been presented in the literature, all of which are based on poroelastic theory and uniaxial strain conditions. However, each of the three models provides different results. Review articles have attributed these differences to the use of stress formulations or strain formulations. In this article, the three aforementioned porosity models are used to derive three associated expressions for the storage coefficient. A single mathematical equation for the storage coefficient in an aquifer under uniaxial strain conditions is well established. The storage coefficient represents the volume of fluid released per unit volume of a porous rock following a unit decline in pore pressure. It is shown that only one of the aforementioned three coal-bed methane porosity models leads to the correct equation for the uniaxial strain storage coefficient in the absence of gas sorption-induced strain.
Mathias, S. A., Nielsen, S., & Ward, R. L. (2019). Storage Coefficients and Permeability Functions for Coal-Bed Methane Production Under Uniaxial Strain Conditions. Transport in Porous Media, 130(2), 627-636. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11242-019-01331-w