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The chromosome-scale reference genome of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) provides further insight into piperine biosynthesis

Hu, L.; Xu, Z.; Wang, M.; Fan, R.; Yuan, D.; Wu, B.; Wu, H.; Qin, X.; Yan, L.; Tan, L.; Sim, S.; Li, W.; Saski, C.S.; Daniell, H.; Wendel, J.F.; Lindsey, K.; Zhang, X.; Hao, C.; Jin, S.

The chromosome-scale reference genome of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) provides further insight into piperine biosynthesis Thumbnail


Authors

L. Hu

Z. Xu

M. Wang

R. Fan

D. Yuan

B. Wu

H. Wu

X. Qin

L. Yan

L. Tan

S. Sim

W. Li

C.S. Saski

H. Daniell

J.F. Wendel

X. Zhang

C. Hao

S. Jin



Abstract

Black pepper (Piper nigrum), dubbed the ‘King of Spices’ and ‘Black Gold’, is one of the most widely used spices. Here, we present its reference genome assembly by integrating PacBio, 10x Chromium, BioNano DLS optical mapping, and Hi-C mapping technologies. The 761.2 Mb sequences (45 scaffolds with an N50 of 29.8 Mb) are assembled into 26 pseudochromosomes. A phylogenomic analysis of representative plant genomes places magnoliids as sister to the monocots-eudicots clade and indicates that black pepper has diverged from the shared Laurales-Magnoliales lineage approximately 180 million years ago. Comparative genomic analyses reveal specific gene expansions in the glycosyltransferase, cytochrome P450, shikimate hydroxycinnamoyl transferase, lysine decarboxylase, and acyltransferase gene families. Comparative transcriptomic analyses disclose berry-specific upregulated expression in representative genes in each of these gene families. These data provide an evolutionary perspective and shed light on the metabolic processes relevant to the molecular basis of species-specific piperine biosynthesis.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 16, 2019
Online Publication Date Oct 16, 2019
Publication Date Oct 16, 2019
Deposit Date Oct 1, 2019
Publicly Available Date Oct 30, 2019
Journal Nature Communications
Publisher Nature Research
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 10
Article Number 4702
DOI https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-12607-6
Public URL https://durham-repository.worktribe.com/output/1284762

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Copyright Statement
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.






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