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Modeling ternary fluids in contact with elastic membranes

Pepona, M.; Shek, A.C.M.; Semprebon, C.; Krüger, T.; Kusumaatmaja, H.

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M. Pepona

A.C.M. Shek

C. Semprebon

T. Krüger


We present a thermodynamically consistent model of a ternary fluid interacting with elastic membranes. Following a free-energy modeling approach for the fluid phases, we derive the governing equations for the dynamics of the ternary fluid flow and membranes. We also provide the numerical framework for simulating such fluid-structure interaction problems. It is based on the lattice Boltzmann method for the ternary fluid (Eulerian description) and a finite difference representation of the membrane (Lagrangian description). The ternary fluid and membrane solvers are coupled through the immersed boundary method. For validation purposes, we consider the relaxation dynamics of a two-dimensional elastic capsule placed at a fluid-fluid interface. The capsule shapes, resulting from the balance of surface tension and elastic forces, are compared with equilibrium numerical solutions obtained by surface evolver. Furthermore, the Galilean invariance of the proposed model is proven. The proposed approach is versatile, allowing for the simulation of a wide range of geometries. To demonstrate this, we address the problem of a capillary bridge formed between two deformable capsules.


Pepona, M., Shek, A., Semprebon, C., Krüger, T., & Kusumaatmaja, H. (2021). Modeling ternary fluids in contact with elastic membranes. Physical Review E, 103(2), Article 022112.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 15, 2021
Online Publication Date Feb 8, 2021
Publication Date 2021-02
Deposit Date Mar 18, 2021
Publicly Available Date Sep 28, 2021
Journal Physical review . E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics
Print ISSN 2470-0045
Electronic ISSN 2470-0053
Publisher American Physical Society
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 103
Issue 2
Article Number 022112
Related Public URLs


Published Journal Article (1.2 Mb)

Copyright Statement
© 2021 American Physical Society

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