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Connecting the dots between climate change, household water insecurity, and migration

Stoler, Justin; Brewis, Alexandra; Kangmennang, Joseph; Keough, Sara Beth; Pearson, Amber L; Rosinger, Asher Y; Stauber, Christine; Stevenson, Edward GJ

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Authors

Justin Stoler

Alexandra Brewis

Joseph Kangmennang

Sara Beth Keough

Amber L Pearson

Asher Y Rosinger

Christine Stauber



Abstract

Climate change is now considered a primary global driver of migration, with water insecurity theorized to be a key determinant. Most studies have focused on large-scale climate migration events triggered by extreme weather events such as droughts, storms, or floods. But there are few studies of how climate change shapes the everyday household-level experience of water insecurity and subsequent migration decision-making, beyond the contexts of disasters and agricultural livelihoods—an invisible ‘slow drip’ of migration. This review proposes a complementary, alternative framework for linking climate change, household-level water insecurity, and environmental migration by positioning household water insecurity as a critical pathway for shaping migration decision-making in the context of socio-environmental change. We present evidence that household water insecurity is a push factor that motivates household members to migrate due to water-related disruptions to physical and mental health, livelihoods beyond agriculture, and social relationships. We close with implications for anti-poverty and development initiatives, and for water interventions to mitigate forced climate migration.

Citation

Stoler, J., Brewis, A., Kangmennang, J., Keough, S. B., Pearson, A. L., Rosinger, A. Y., …Stevenson, E. G. (2021). Connecting the dots between climate change, household water insecurity, and migration. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 51, 36-41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cosust.2021.02.008

Journal Article Type Article
Online Publication Date Mar 12, 2021
Publication Date 2021-08
Deposit Date May 5, 2021
Publicly Available Date Mar 12, 2022
Journal Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability
Print ISSN 1877-3435
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 51
Pages 36-41
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cosust.2021.02.008

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