Evolution of the Laurentide and Innuitian ice sheets prior to the Last Glacial Maximum (115 ka to 25 ka)
Dalton, A.S.; Stokes, C.R.; Batchelor, C.L.
Professor Chris Stokes firstname.lastname@example.org
The Laurentide Ice Sheet was the largest global ice mass to grow and decay during the last glacial cycle (~115 ka to ~10 ka). Despite its importance for driving major changes in global mean sea level, long-term landscape evolution, and atmospheric circulation patterns, the history of the Laurentide (and neighbouring Innuitian) Ice Sheet is poorly constrained owing to sporadic preservation of stratigraphic records prior to the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM; ~25 ka) and a case-study approach to the dating of available evidence. Here, we synthesize available geochronological data from the glaciated region, together with published stratigraphic and geomorphological data, as well as numerical modelling output, to derive 19 hypothesised reconstructions of the Laurentide and Innuitian ice sheets from 115 ka to 25 ka at 5-kyr intervals, with uncertainties quantified to include best, minimum, and maximum ice extent estimates at each time-step. Our work suggests that, between 115 ka and 25 ka, some areas of North America experienced multiple cycles of rapid ice sheet growth and decay, while others remained largely ice-free, and others were continuously glaciated. Key findings include: (i) the growth and recession of the Laurentide Ice Sheet from 115 ka through 80 ka; (ii) significant build-up of ice to almost LGM extent at ~60 ka; (iii) a potentially dramatic reduction in North American ice at ~45 ka; (iv) a rapid expansion of the Labrador Dome at ~38 ka; and (v) gradual growth toward the LGM starting at ~35 ka. Some reconstructions are only loosely constrained and are therefore speculative (especially prior to 45 ka). Nevertheless, this work represents our most up-to-date understanding of the build-up of the Laurentide and Innuitian ice sheets during the last glacial cycle to the LGM based on the available evidence. We consider these ice configurations as a series of testable hypotheses for future work to address and refine. These results are important for use across a range of disciplines including ice sheet modelling, palaeoclimatology and archaeology and are available digitally.
Dalton, A., Stokes, C., & Batchelor, C. (2022). Evolution of the Laurentide and Innuitian ice sheets prior to the Last Glacial Maximum (115 ka to 25 ka). Earth-Science Reviews, 224, Article 103875. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2021.103875
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Nov 24, 2021|
|Online Publication Date||Dec 2, 2021|
|Deposit Date||Dec 13, 2021|
|Publicly Available Date||Dec 13, 2021|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
Published Journal Article
Publisher Licence URL
© 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).