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A review of experiments on stationary bluff-body wakes

Forouzi, Behzad; He, Shuisheng; Scarano, Fulvio; Gan, Lian; Morton, Chris

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Behzad Forouzi

Shuisheng He

Fulvio Scarano

Chris Morton


Experimental studies dealing with the wake of isolated stationary bluff-bodies are reviewed. After briefly recalling the pioneering works in this domain, the paper focuses on recent research conducted with the latest experimental methods and techniques. The review encompasses a range of topics, including, the effects of bluff-body geometry (non-circular cross sections and nonuniformity in spanwise direction), steady and unsteady (periodic and non-periodic) inflow conditions; surface proximity (rigid wall, confinement and water free surface) and non-Newtonian fluids. Focus is brought to the flow physics of the wakes, including especially the complex threedimensional and oscillatory behaviours induced by the periodic vortex shedding phenomenon. The paper aims to offer a critical and systematic review of new knowledge and findings on the subject area, as well as emerging? and the most frequently adopted experimental techniques. The review also helps identifying knowledge gaps in the literature that need to be addressed in future investigations.


Forouzi, B., He, S., Scarano, F., Gan, L., & Morton, C. (2022). A review of experiments on stationary bluff-body wakes. Physics of Fluids, 34(1), Article 011301.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 22, 2021
Online Publication Date Jan 12, 2022
Publication Date 2022-01
Deposit Date Dec 27, 2021
Publicly Available Date Jan 4, 2022
Journal Physics of Fluids
Print ISSN 1070-6631
Electronic ISSN 1089-7666
Publisher American Institute of Physics
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 34
Issue 1
Article Number 011301


Accepted Journal Article (3.8 Mb)

Copyright Statement
© 2022 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The following article appeared in Forouzi, Behzad, He, Shuisheng, Scarano, Fulvio, Gan, Lian & Morton, Chris (2022). A review of experiments on stationary bluff-body wakes. Physics of Fluids 34(1): 011301, ​and may be found at

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