Jaco H. Baas
Blood, lead and spheres: A hindered settling equation for sedimentologists based on metadata analysis
Baas, Jaco H.; Baker, Megan L.; Buffon, Patricia; Strachan, Lorna J.; Bostock, Helen C.; Hodgson, David; Eggenhuisen, Joris T.; Spychala, Yvonne T.
Dr Megan Baker firstname.lastname@example.org
Lorna J. Strachan
Helen C. Bostock
Joris T. Eggenhuisen
Yvonne T. Spychala
A revision of the popular equation of Richardson and Zaki (1954a, Transactions of the Institute of Chemical Engineering, 32, 35–53) for the hindered settling of suspensions of non-cohesive particles in fluids is proposed, based on 548 data sets from a broad range of scientific disciplines. The new hindered settling equation enables predictions of settling velocity for a wide range of particle sizes and densities, and liquid densities and viscosities, but with a focus on sediment particles in water. The analysis of the relationship between hindered settling velocity and particle size presented here shows that the hindered settling effect increases as the particle size decreases, for example, a 50% reduction in settling velocity is reached for 0.025 mm silt and 4 mm pebbles at particle concentrations of 13% and 25% respectively. Moreover, hindered settling starts to influence the settling behaviour of sediment particles at volumetric concentrations of merely a few per cent. For example, the particle settling velocity in flows that carry 5% silt is reduced by at least 22%. These observations suggest that hindered settling greatly increases the efficiency of natural flows to transport sediment particles, but also particulate carbon and pollutants, such as plastics, over large distances.
Baas, J. H., Baker, M. L., Buffon, P., Strachan, L. J., Bostock, H., Hodgson, D., …Spychala, Y. T. (2022). Blood, lead and spheres: A hindered settling equation for sedimentologists based on metadata analysis. Depositional Record, 8(2), 603-615. https://doi.org/10.1002/dep2.176
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Jan 25, 2022|
|Online Publication Date||Feb 16, 2022|
|Publication Date||Jun 20, 2022|
|Deposit Date||May 3, 2022|
|Publicly Available Date||May 3, 2022|
|Journal||The Depositional Record|
|Publisher||Wiley Open Access|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
Published Journal Article (Early view)
Publisher Licence URL
Early view This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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