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Resilience and Adaptation of Agricultural Practice in Neolithic Çatalhöyük, Turkey

Ayala, G.; Bogaard, A.; Charles, M.; Wainwright, J.

Resilience and Adaptation of Agricultural Practice in Neolithic Çatalhöyük, Turkey Thumbnail


Authors

G. Ayala

A. Bogaard

M. Charles



Abstract

Andrew Sherratt’s ‘Water, soil and seasonality’, World Archaeology (1980), signposted a long-term debate surrounding early farming adaptations to riverine landscapes in western Asia and Europe. Recent research at Çatalhöyük in central Anatolia, a key case study in Sherratt’s ‘floodplain cultivation’ model, enables integrated, evidence-based assessment of the local hydrology and agroecology, and of farmers’ resilience over more than a millennium. In contrast to previous models, the agroecological niche at Çatalhöyük featured strategic planting of diverse crops across a range of hydrological conditions, within and beyond a broad ‘belt’ of small anastomosing river channels extending a kilometre from the site. Growing conditions likely depended on location relative to settlement, a nutrient-rich ‘hot spot’, with diminishing inputs of organic matter and mechanical disturbance away from the tell. This reconstruction contrasts with the original model of ‘floodplain cultivation’ and demonstrates the complexity with which agroecologies evolved through landscape affordances, creative cropping, and resilience.

Citation

Ayala, G., Bogaard, A., Charles, M., & Wainwright, J. (2022). Resilience and Adaptation of Agricultural Practice in Neolithic Çatalhöyük, Turkey. World Archaeology, https://doi.org/10.1080/00438243.2022.2125058

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 30, 2022
Online Publication Date Oct 28, 2022
Publication Date 2022
Deposit Date May 26, 2022
Publicly Available Date Mar 14, 2023
Journal World Archaeology
Print ISSN 0043-8243
Electronic ISSN 1470-1375
Publisher Taylor and Francis Group
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/00438243.2022.2125058

Files

Published Journal Article (Advance online version) (15.5 Mb)
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Publisher Licence URL
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Copyright Statement
Advance online version This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.







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