The Injustice–Efficacy Tradeoff: Counteracting Indirect Effects of Goal Proximity on Collective Action
Hartwich, Lea; Radke, Helena R.M.; Kutlaca, Maja; Becker, Julia C.
Helena R.M. Radke
Dr Maja Kutlaca email@example.com
Julia C. Becker
Based on dual-pathway models of collective action, this research examines how social movements’ proximity to their stated goal affects potential supporters’ willingness and motivations to engage. Across three experimental studies in two different contexts, and for members of both the disadvantaged ingroups and advantaged outgroups (total N = 1,102), we find consistent support for two counteracting indirect effects of goal distance on collective action. When movements are closer to their goals, potential supporters perceive less injustice, which reduces their willingness to engage in collective action for the movements’ cause via the emotion-focused pathway. At the same time, perceptions of political efficacy increase, bolstering engagement via the problem-focused pathway. We conclude that while goal proximity does not seem to affect overall intentions to engage in collective action, it does affect the motivational paths to it, which makes it a relevant factor to consider in both research and social justice contexts.
Hartwich, L., Radke, H. R., Kutlaca, M., & Becker, J. C. (2023). The Injustice–Efficacy Tradeoff: Counteracting Indirect Effects of Goal Proximity on Collective Action. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 14(2), 173-184. https://doi.org/10.1177/19485506221093108
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Online Publication Date||May 7, 2022|
|Deposit Date||Jun 23, 2022|
|Publicly Available Date||Mar 7, 2023|
|Journal||Social Psychological and Personality Science|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
Published Journal Article
Publisher Licence URL
This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access page (https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).
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