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Towards Cyber Security for Low-Carbon Transportation: Overview, Challenges and Future Directions

Cao, Yue; Li, Sifan; Lv, Chenchen; Wang, Di; Sun, Hongjian; Jiang, Jing; Meng, Fanlin; Xu, Lexi; Cheng, Xinzhou


Yue Cao

Sifan Li

Chenchen Lv

Di Wang

Jing Jiang

Fanlin Meng

Lexi Xu

Xinzhou Cheng


In recent years, low-carbon transportation has become an indispensable part as sustainable development strategies of various countries, and plays a very important responsibility in promoting low-carbon cities. However, the security of low-carbon transportation has been threatened from various ways. For example, denial of service attacks pose a great threat to the electric vehicles and vehicle-to-grid networks. To minimize these threats, several methods have been proposed to defense against them. Yet, these methods are only for certain types of scenarios or attacks. Therefore, this review addresses security aspect from holistic view, provides the overview, challenges and future directions of cyber security technologies in low-carbon transportation. Firstly, based on the concept and importance of low-carbon transportation, this review positions the low-carbon transportation services. Then, with the perspective of network architecture and communication mode, this review classifies its typical attack risks. The corresponding defense technologies and relevant security suggestions are further reviewed from perspective of data security, network management security and network application security. Finally, in view of the long term development of low-carbon transportation, future research directions have been concerned.


Cao, Y., Li, S., Lv, C., Wang, D., Sun, H., Jiang, J., …Cheng, X. (2023). Towards Cyber Security for Low-Carbon Transportation: Overview, Challenges and Future Directions. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 183, Article 113401.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 22, 2023
Online Publication Date Jun 19, 2023
Publication Date 2023-09
Deposit Date May 24, 2023
Publicly Available Date Jun 20, 2024
Journal Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Print ISSN 1364-0321
Electronic ISSN 1879-0690
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 183
Article Number 113401
Public URL
Publisher URL