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Sequential Recommender via Time-aware Attentive Memory Network

Ji, Wendi; Wang, Keqiang; Wang, Xiaoling; Chen, Tingwei; Cristea, Alexandra I.

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Authors

Wendi Ji

Keqiang Wang

Xiaoling Wang

Tingwei Chen



Abstract

Recommendation systems aim to assist users to discover desirable contents from an ever-growing corpus of items. Although recommenders have been greatly improved by deep learning, they still face several challenges: (1) behaviours are much more complex than words in sentences, so traditional attention and recurrent models have limitations capturing the temporal dynamics of user preferences. (2) The preferences of users are multiple and evolving, so it is difficult to integrate long-term memory and short-term intent. In this paper, we propose a temporal gating methodology to improve the attention mechanism and recurrent units, so that temporal information can be considered for both information filtering and state transition. Additionally, we propose a hybrid sequential recommender, named Multi-hop Time-aware Attentive Memory network (MTAM), to integrate long-term and short-term preferences. We use the proposed time-aware GRU network to learn the short-term intent and maintain prior records in user memory. We treat the short-term intent as a query and design a multi-hop memory reading operation via the proposed time-aware attention to generate user representation based on the current intent and longterm memory. Our approach is scalable for candidate retrieval tasks and can be viewed as a non-linear generalisation of latent factorisation for dot-product based Top-K recommendation. Finally, we conduct extensive experiments on six benchmark datasets and the experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of our MTAM and temporal gating methodology.

Citation

Ji, W., Wang, K., Wang, X., Chen, T., & Cristea, A. I. (2020). Sequential Recommender via Time-aware Attentive Memory Network. In Proceedings of the 29th ACM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management (CIKM ’20), October 19–23, 2020, Virtual Event, Ireland (565-574). https://doi.org/10.1145/3340531.3411869

Conference Name 29th Conference on Information and Knowledge Management (CIKM)
Conference Location Virtual Event
Publication Date 2020-10
Deposit Date Sep 26, 2020
Publicly Available Date Dec 1, 2020
Publisher Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Pages 565-574
Book Title Proceedings of the 29th ACM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management (CIKM ’20), October 19–23, 2020, Virtual Event, Ireland.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1145/3340531.3411869

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Copyright Statement
© 2020 Association for Computing Machinery. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here for your personal use. Not for redistribution. The definitive Version of Record was published in Ji, Wendi, Wang, Keqiang, Wang, Xiaoling, Chen, Tingwei & Cristea, Alexandra I. (2020), Sequential Recommender via Time-aware Attentive Memory Network, 29th Conference on Information and Knowledge Management (CIKM). Virtual Event, Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), New York, 565-574, https://doi.org/10.1145/3340531.3411869







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