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On Depth Error from Spherical Camera Calibration within Omnidirectional Stereo Vision

Groom, M.; Breckon, T.P.

On Depth Error from Spherical Camera Calibration within Omnidirectional Stereo Vision Thumbnail


Authors

M. Groom



Abstract

As a depth sensing approach, whilst stereo vision provides a good compromise between accuracy and cost, a key limitation is the limited field of view of the conventional cameras that are used within most stereo configurations. By contrast, the use of spherical cameras within a stereo configuration offers omnidirectional stereo sensing. However, despite the presence of significant image distortion in spherical camera images, only very limited attempts have been made to study and quantify omnidirectional stereo depth accuracy. In this paper we construct such an omnidirectional stereo system that is capable of real-time 360◦ disparity map reconstruction as the basis for such a study. We first investigate the accuracy of using a standard spherical camera model for calibration combined with a longitude-latitude projection for omnidirectional stereo, and show that the depth error increases significantly as the angle from the camera optical axis approaches the limits of the camera field of view. In contrast, we then consider an alternative calibration approach via the use of perspective undistortion with a conventional pinhole camera model allowing omnidirectional cameras to be mapped to a conventional rectilinear stereo formulation. We find that conversely this proposed approach exhibits improved depth accuracy at large angles from the camera optical axis when compared to omnidirectional stereo depth based on a spherical camera model calibration.

Citation

Groom, M., & Breckon, T. (2022). On Depth Error from Spherical Camera Calibration within Omnidirectional Stereo Vision.

Conference Name 26th International Conference on Pattern Recognition
Conference Location Montreal, Québec
Start Date Aug 21, 2022
End Date Aug 25, 2022
Acceptance Date May 17, 2022
Online Publication Date Aug 22, 2022
Publication Date 2022-08
Deposit Date Jun 15, 2022
Publicly Available Date Aug 25, 2022
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Publisher URL https://www.computer.org/csdl/proceedings/1000545

Files

Accepted Conference Proceeding (10.9 Mb)
PDF

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